Parvo is a highly contagious virus, the medical nomenclature for which is Canine parvovirus type 2. The virus is known have evolved from the virus known as feline pan leukopenia which afflicted the cats and then evolved its way to become the canine parvovirus type 2.
The virus is highly contagious and spreads through contact, both direct and indirect, with the excrement of another dog suffering from this disease. The best course of way for protection against this disease is vaccination which gives your dog a significant chance of avoiding this affliction altogether. The mortality rate for untreated dogs is approximately 91%, so it is highly advised to get your dog checked by your local vet as soon as the symptoms make themselves apparent. Parvo disease is infamous for its fatal and life threatening capabilities upon being left untreated. So, it is recommended to schedule an appointment as soon as you start observing any of the symptoms associated with this disease.
How to prevent your dog from catching this disease?
As mentioned earlier, the best course of action for prevention against this disease is vaccination. The vaccine used for this purpose is the 5 in 1 vaccine (Distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, leptospirosis and parainfulenza). It is for the reason of protecting your beloved dogs against these fatal and life threatening diseases that it is always stressed upon by the vets to keep the vaccination record of your animals up to date.
The aforementioned vaccine is usually administered in two stages. The first stage is administered between the age of 6-8 weeks followed by the second stage between age of 16-20 weeks.
Signs and Symptoms:
No one knows your dog better than you do which makes you best placed than anyone else in identification of any problem or change in behavior of your beloved pet. It is imperative not take any change in behavior or condition of your dog lightly, as every change is indicative of some sort of problem that is concerning your pet, whether physical or mental.
The most commonly observed signs associated with the disease in question are as follows:
- Lethargic or lazy attitude of your dog as opposed to the usual liveliness and active nature
- Loss of appetite and refusal to intake of any sort of diet
- Diarrhea characterized by excretions with bloody discharge accompanying a foul odor
If you notice any of the aforementioned symptoms in your dog, it is imperative to act immediately and consult your local vet as they can be indicative of a life threatening and fatal disease. The most dangerous of these symptoms are diarrhea and vomiting which cause dehydration. The combination of the aforementioned symptoms with the refusal of your dog to intake anything may prove to be life threatening.
The observation of any change in behavior or condition of your dog and immediate contact with the local veterinarian upon observing anything out of the ordinary cannot be stressed upon enough. The vets carry out several diagnostic tests in order to ascertain the cause of these symptoms. One of the most effective tests in diagnosis of this disease is Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay test in which a stool sample is diagnosed for various diseases. The test is quick and effective in determination of whether or not your dog is afflicted with this disease. However, this test is not 100% accurate and a follow up blood test may be required to ascertain the exact cause of symptoms.
Effective home remedies to counter this disease:
Activated charcoal and electrolyte solution
The activated charcoal and electrolyte solution is known to be an effective combatant against suppression of symptoms resulting from this disease. Its (activated charcoal) effectiveness to put an end to diarrhea in puppies is indispensable. The activated charcoal is well complemented by the ability of electrolyte solution to rehydrate your dog through replenishment of the essential minerals lost due to diarrhea and excessive vomiting.
We have explained below the method of creating a solution for the purpose of administering it to your dog:
Mix a tablespoon of activated charcoal into a cup of electrolyte solution. Shake the resulting solution well to ensure proper mixing before administering it to your dog. The recommended dosage of the solution is once every hour (the more, the merrier), however take special care not to crank up the dosage so high that your dog ends up vomiting all the medicine. Administering each dosage may prove itself to be a cumbersome and time consuming activity in the beginning but it is all worth it in the long run.
After initial four hours of administering the prepared solution, reduce the frequency of injecting it to once every two hours upon observing improvement. When you are satisfied that your pet is recuperating from the symptoms, start reducing the frequency of dosage of the solution to once every 4-6 hours. You can, however, crank up the dosage whenever you feel the need to.
The aforementioned recommendation, however, is generic and may vary from dog to dog depending upon various factors, such as size, age and severity of symptoms.
Once you feel that your puppy has recuperated from the disease and doesn’t exhibit any symptoms of diarrhea, continue administering the activated charcoal twice a day for 7 days. There is, however, no need to mix the activated charcoal with electrolyte solution anymore and just water will suffice.
Page break code: